Santa Fe, New Mexico, claims the first rodeo based on a letter dated 1847, written by Captain Mayne Reid of Santa Fe to a friend in Ireland:
“At this time of year, cowboys have what is called a round-up, when calves are marked and fat beasts selected to be taken to a fair hundreds of miles away. This round-up is a great time to livestock management, it’s really a Donny-brook fair. They compete with each other for the best bow tie and pitches, and there are horse races, whiskey and wine. .
Após a Guerra Civil Americana, o rodeio organizado surgiu com o primeiro realizado em Cheyenne, Wyoming, em 1872.
After the American Civil War, the organized rodeo came about with the first held in Cheyenne, Wyoming, in 1872.
First Professional Rodeo
Prescott, Arizona affirms the distinction of holding the first professional rodeo when he collected admission and won trophies in 1888. Between 1890 and 1910, the rodeo became public entertainment popularized through Wild West Shows and the Fourth of July celebrations with Buffalo Bill Cody, Annie Oakley and other charismatic stars who lent their glamor and prestige to the show. Oakley was a sniper on Cody’s Wild West program (and not as a rodeo artist), however she created the image of the cowgirl and appeared as the first cowgirl in an old west film shot by Thomas Alva Edison in 1894.
In the first decades of the 20th century, rodeo became a sport for spectators. The rodeo had rounds, border days and other thematic exhibitions that attracted the regional public. However, in the 1920s, it was Madison Square Garden and Boston Garden attracted attention across the country, riding rodeos. The rodeo was independent and selected its own events from almost a hundred different competitions. Until World War I, there was little difference between rodeo and horse racing, and competitors from the United States, Mexico and Canada participated freely in all three countries.
In 1929, local rodeo councils, stock contractors and sponsors formed the Rodeo Association of America. For the purpose of policing the rodeo, prohibiting false advertising of bags with a lot of money and the “championship” style. However, by the mid-1930s, cowboys had organized themselves into the Cowboys Turtle Association. Eventually CTA became the Rodeo Cowboys Association and, finally, the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association in 1975. However, after the war, the rodeo gender bias faced women and, in response, they formed the Girls Rodeo Association in 1948 ( currently the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA)). The women then held their own rodeos.
In 1958, RCA created the National Finals Rodeo Commission to produce a major rodeo event at the end of the season. It would be similar in prestige to the World Series of baseball and the Stanley Cup. Therefore, CBS broadcast the first such event. Although rodeo traditionally suspected that television was a liability rather than an asset, the industry sincerely approved the broadcast. Rodeo schools, which had their experimental beginnings in the 1930s, gained attention and growth in the 1950s. The regular opening of schools in 1962.
In the 1970s, the rodeo experienced unprecedented growth. For the participants referred to as “the new breed” attracted the rodeo, increasing media attention. These competitors were young, typically of urban origin, but they chose the rodeo for their athletic rewards. So photojournalists and reporters saw them as a source of interesting stories about routines and lifestyles behind the scenes. The “new breed” was a far cry from traditional rodeo men who sought night compulsions instead of stock portfolios, airline credit cards, recording and television contracts and retirement packages desired by the new race. However, in 1985, a third of PRCA members admitted to higher education and half admitted never having worked on a livestock farm.